Advance Research in Agriculture and Veterinary Science
Volume 2, No. 1 and 2, 2015
Table of Content
FULL LENGTH ARTICLE
1. HEPATOCURATIVE EFFECT OF AQUEOUS ROOT EXTRACT OF SCOPARIA DULCISONCARBON TETRACHLORIDE INDUCED LIVER INJURY IN ALBINO RATS
Bulama I, Kabara HT, Suleiman N, Zarami A, Atiku MK, Wudil, AM.
1Department of Veterinary Physiology, Pharmacology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Maiduguri
2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Bayero University, Kano
3Department of Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usman Danfodio University, Sokoto
4 Department of Pathology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital
ABSTRACT : Acute toxicity and hepatocurative effects of aqueous root extract of Scoparia dulcis was investigated against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatic injury in albino rats. Serum biomarkers of hepatic injury; Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate amino transferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin, (ALB) and bilirubin were assayed. The results of the biochemical studies of blood samples of CCl4 treated rats showed significant increase in the levels (P˂0.05) of ALT and AST and decrease in ALB level reflecting the liver injury caused by CCl4 whereas blood samples from rats treated with aqueous root extract of Scoparia dulcis showed decreased levels of ALT and AST and increase in ALB indicating the protection of hepatic cells. Histopathological features showed decreased infiltration of inflammatory cells, staetosis and level of fibrosis in the liver tissues of the treated group compared to the untreated groups. This further confirmed the hepatocurative effect of Scoparia dulcis extract. The lethal dose (LD50) of the root extract was greater than 5000mg/kg.
Keywords: Scoparia dulcis, Aqueous, Carbon tetrachloride, Hepatocurative
2. EFFECT OF THE COMBINATION OF COWDUNG AND POULTRY LITTER ON THE YIELD OF OKRA (ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS L.)
Md. Maksudul Haque
1 Scientific Officer (Golden Rice), Plant Breeding Division, Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur 1701, Bangladesh
ABSTRACT: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of cowdung and poultry litter on the growth and yield of okra. The two factors experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD). The highest level of poultry litter (11t/ha) gave the best result on plant height (61.73 cm.), number of leaves (16.54), leaf length (17.14 cm.), leaf breadth (22.13cm.), green pod yield/plot (2.62 kg), pod yield/ha (7.30 ton) and the lowest green pod yield/pot (2.18 kg), pod yield/ha (6.18 ton) were produced from control treatment. The combined effect of various level of cowdung and poultry litter also found significant. The maximum cowdung and poultry litter (9 t/ha & 11 t/ha) showed the best performance on pod yield/plot (3.24 kg), pod yield/ha (9 ton) and the lowest green pod yield/pot (1.80 kg), pod yield/ha (5 ton) were produced from control treatment.
Key words: Combination, Cow dung, Poultry litter, yield, Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.).
3. INFLUENCE OF THE CONSTRUCTION AND USE OF PHEROMONE TRAPS BY THE CATCHING RESULTS OF HARMFUL MOTHS
Nowinszky L., Puskás J. , Barczikay G.
1 University of West-Hungary Savaria University Centre, H-9701 Szombathely Karolyi G. Square 4.
2 County Borsod-Abauj-Zemplen Agricultural Office of Plant Protection and
Soil Conservation Directorate, H-3917 Bodrogkisfalud, Vasut Street. 22.
ABSTRACT: The pheromone trap catch of six harmful Microlepidoptera species in conjunction with the capsule and Base Exchange. The Csalomon type gluey traps were in operation in Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County (Hungary) between 1993 and 2007. The caught species were the followings: Spotted Tentiform Leafminer (Phyllonorycter blancardella Fabricius), Peach Twig Borer (Anarsia lineatella Zeller), and European Vine Moth (Lobesia botrana Denis et Schiffermüller), Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholita molesta Busck), Plum Fruit Moth (Grapholita funebrana Treitschke) and Codling Moth (Cydia pomonella Linnaeus). Our examinations proved that the highest numbers of caught moth are on the fourth or fifth day following the exchange of capsules and then will decrease. The increase in catches cannot therefore be sustained. Replacing the gluey sheets did not modify the effectiveness of the collection.
Keywords: Microlepidoptera species, pheromone traps, replacement of capsule
4. INTEREST OF BOVINE PRACTITIONERS IN COMPLEMENTARY AND ALTERNATIVE VETERINARY MEDICINE IN 2006 AND 2010
U.S. Sorge, A. Bastan, H. Karreman
1 College of Veterinary Medicine, Dept. Veterinary Population Medicine, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN 55108 USA
2 Ankara University Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 06110, Dışkapı, ANKARA. Turkey
3 Red Hill Road, Narvon, PA 17555
ABSTRACT: The aim of this survey was to investigate whether bovine veterinarians are interested in complementary and alternative medicines and for which diseases alternative therapies would be of interest to them. Members of the American Association of Bovine Practitioners were invited by mail (2006) or email (2010) to participate. The survey was anonymous and included six closed and two open-ended questions. The questions focused on the practitioner’s perception of complementary and alternative veterinary medicines (CAVM), for which diseases they would be interested in alternative therapies and products, as well as how many organic clients they had. In the end, 181 veterinarians and 185 veterinarians completed the survey in 2006 and 2010, respectively. In both years, approximately 80% of veterinarians were interested in evidence-based alternative therapies and in particular for the treatment of mastitis. Interest in alternative treatment approaches for calf diarrhea, metritis, infertility, pneumonia, and digital dermatitis/foot rot significantly increased over the years. Veterinarians with organic clients were more interested in CAVM than that without.In conclusion, the majority of veterinarians were interested in evidence-based alternative or complementary therapies for bovine diseases and the interest in alternative therapies for common cattle diseases increased between 2006 and 2010.
Keywords: alternative, bovine, complementary, therapy, veterinarian
5. LINEAR CORRELATION ANALYSIS AMONG GROWTH AND YIELD PARAMETERS OF SORREL AS AFFECTED BY SPACING AND WEEDING REGIME
Y B Kajidu and N. A. Gworgwor
Federal University of Technology Yola. Adamawa, State Nigeria
ABSTRACT: A study was conducted at faculty of agriculture teaching and research farm of university of Maiduguri located at (11°50’N: 13°10’E and 319 m above sea level) during the rainy seasons of 2009 and 2010 between June and September on Linear Correlation Analysis among Growth and Yield Parameters of Sorrel as affected by Spacing and Weeding Regime with the objective of determining the type of correlation existing among growth and yield parameters, growth at early stage and weed parameters, yield and weed parameters. The treatments consisted of 2 factors which were inter-row spacing and weed interferences which were laid out in a split-plot design. The inter row-spacing was in the main plot, and consisted of 3 inter-row spacings of 30 cm, 60 cm and 90 cm and intra-row spacing of 60 cm was maintained for all treatments. The weed interference was assigned to the sub-plot. These comprised 8 weed interference treatments; weed infested for 3, 6, and 9 weeks, and weed infested till harvest, and weed free for 3, 6, and 9 weeks and weed free till harvest. Parameters measured included Stand count per net plot, Number of leaves per plant, Plant height (cm), Fresh leaf yield per net plot (g), Dry leaf yield per net plot (g), Number of calyx per p1ant, Fresh calyx yield per net plot (g), Dry calyx yield per net plot (g), Number of branches per plant, Number of seeds per capsule, 1000 Seed weight (g), Seed yield per net plot (g), Weed Cover Scores, Weed Dry Matter per Net Plot (g). The results indicated that there were positive correlations among growth and yield parameters indicating that a good growth unaffected by weed infestation resulted in higher dry matter and yield of sorrel. However there was no correlation between growth at early stage and weed parameters. But there was negative correlation between yield and weed parameters later which also indicated that weeds directly affected yield of sorrel in a negative way.
Key words: Growth, Spacing, Weeding, Sorrel and Correlation