Advance Research in Agriculture and Veterinary Science

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Journal's Information

:: Publisher: Academy for Environment and Life Sciences
:: EISSN: 2348-5353
:: Publication Dates: January, March, May, July, September, November
:: Scientific Journal Impact Factor (SJIF): 3.774

 

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Advance Research in Agriculture and Veterinary Science

Volume 1, No. 1,  2014

 

Table of Content

 

 

1. COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF THE GIANT AFRICAN SNAIL ARCHACHATINA MARGINATA FED A FORMULATED DIET AND THREE  SELECTED EDIBLE VEGETABLES

    AMATA IA

 

Abstract: The growth performance of the giant African land snail, Archarchatina marginata fed a formulated diet and three selected edible vegetables was investigated in an experiment conducted in the snail unit of the Delta State University Asaba Campus Research and Teaching Farm. The selected vegetables include: Bracica oleracea (cabbage), Lactuca sativa (lettuce) and Carica papaya (paw-paw). Parameters measured include feed efficiency ratio, feed conversion ratio, body weight, body length and shell diameter. Dietary treatment significantly affected the feed efficiency and feed conversion ratios. Significantly higher feed conversion ratio values were observed for the formulated diet andCarica papaya. Feed efficiency ratio was higher for Lactua sativa. Significant differences were observed in body weight of the snails fed the experimental diets, with the formulated diet recording the highest body weight values. Body weights of snails fed Carica papaya were significantly higher than snails fed cabbage and lettuce. There were no significant differences in shell diameter of the snails fed the experimental diets neither were there any significant differences in the length of the experimental animals as affected by diet.

 

Keywords: Carica Papaya, Bracica Oleracea, Lactuca Sativa, Feed Efficiency, FCR, Body Weight, Shell Diameter, Body Length.

 

How to Cite: AMATA IA. COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF THE GIANT AFRICAN SNAIL ARCHACHATINA MARGINATA FED A FORMULATED DIET AND THREE SELECTED EDIBLE VEGETABLES. Adv. Res. Agri. Vet. Sci. 2014; 1(1): 1-5.

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2. EFFECT OF FENUGREEK SEED POWDER ON THE PERFORMANCE, CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS AND SOME BLOOD SERUM ATTRIBUTES

    Tariq Mamoun, Mukhtar Ahmed Mukhtar, Mohamed H Tabidi

 

Abstract: A total of 112 day-old unsexed broiler chicks (Ross 308) were used to investigate the effect of graded levels (0, 1, 2 and 3%) of fenugreek seed powder (FSP) on the performance, carcass characteristics and some blood serum attributes. Chicks were randomly distributed in a complete randomized design into four groups (A, B, C and D) each group having four replicates with seven chicks per each. Chicks in group A fed control diet, groups B, C and D fed on diets containing 1, 2 and 3% FSP respectively. The results obtained revealed that chicks fed on 1% FSP recorded significantly (P< 0.05) the heaviest body weight compared to all tested groups, while those fed on control diet recorded significantly the lowest body weight value. There were no significant differences in body weight gain among groups fed on FSP, but they observed significantly high body weight gain compared to control group. Chicks fed on diets supplemented with FSP consumed significantly more feed, and the best feed conversion ratio (FRC) values compared to untreated group. Treatments had no significant effect on the health of the experimental chicks. The addition of FSP significantly effect on the dressing percentage and with no significant effect on carcass characteristics and the values of subjective meat quality. Supplementation of FSP on the broiler diets significantly decreased serum cholesterol, total protein, albumin and calcium. It can be concluded that FSP supplementation to diets improve the serum cholesterol, carcass characteristics and reduce serum cholesterol of broiler chicks. Economically chicks fed on diets supplemented with FSP recorded the highest profits.

 

Keywords: Fenugreek Seed Powder, Total Protein, Albumin, Total Lipids, Creatine, Triglycerides, Broiler.

 

How to Cite: Tariq Mamoun, Mukhtar Ahmed Mukhtar, Mohamed H Tabidi. EFFECT OF FENUGREEK SEED POWDER ON THE PERFORMANCE, CARCASS CHARACTERISTICS AND SOME BLOOD SERUM ATTRIBUTES. Adv. Res. Agri. Vet. Sci. 2014; 1(1): 6-11.

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3. EFFECTIVENESS OF SHEEP CRUDE HYDATID CYST FLUID (CHCF) ANTIGEN FOR SERODIAGNOSIS OF HUMAN, SHEEP, MICE AND CATTLE HYDATIDOSIS

     Fallah M, Khosravi A, Shamsi A, Maghsood H, Bahrami A, Sayemiri K, Doosti A

 

Abstract: The aim of the current study was to assess the usefulness of sheep crude hydatid cyst fluid antigen (CHCF) of Echinococcus granulosus, obtained from sheep naturally infected for evaluation of antibody responses of human, mice, sheep and cattle IgG responses. Hydatid cysts obtained from lungs and livers of sheep slauthered from local abattoirs in Ilam, Iran was used as the source of antigen either for the SDS, Western blotting or ELISA analysis or for experimentally infecting the mice .HCF recovered from cysts was centrifuged at 10000 rpm for 25 minutes. The supernatant was dialysed against PBS, freezed- thawed and used as crude CHCF. There was an increasing in IgG4 subclass level compared to total IgG, IgG2 and IgG3 subclass responses against sheep CHCF. In this analysis all antibody class and subclass responses showed a higher mean OD than that of the cut off indicating that all human sera from patients with hydatidosis recognized reacted with sheep crude hydatid cyst fluid antigen at an acceptable level. The sensitivity and specificity of ELISA  using IgG class and IgE, was 100% and 70.8% and also 93.3% and 100% respectively while for the IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 it was 100%, 93.8%; 95, 100% and 100, 100% respectively. HCFs obtained from sheep were significantly useful in serodiagnosis of hydatidosis similar to that of human and mice and therefore can be used in hydatid cyst diagnosis kit using ELISA and immunoblotting.

 

Keywords: Hydatid Cyst, Cross-Reaction, CHCF, Sheep Antigens.

 

How to Cite: Fallah M, Khosravi A, Shamsi A, Maghsood H, Bahrami A, Sayemiri K, Doosti A. EFFECTIVENESS OF SHEEP CRUDE HYDATID CYST FLUID (CHCF) ANTIGEN FOR SERODIAGNOSIS OF HUMAN, SHEEP, MICE AND CATTLE HYDATIDOSIS. Adv. Res. Agri. Vet. Sci. 2014; 1(1): 12-17.

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4. MICROBIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SUDANESE WHITE SOFT CHEESE MADE WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF CASSAVA POWDER (MANIHOT ESCULENTA)

    Koc Ruben Ramzi Dhuol and Omer Ibrahim Ahmed Hamid

 

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the microbiological quality of Sudanese White soft Cheese made from different levels of Cassava powder (Manihot esculenta). One hundred and twenty (120) liters of fresh cow's full cream milk were used for making cheese in this study. Four treatments were carried out; The first treatment is the control in which cow's cheese milk had  left free without any  additive, While in the second (Cw1), third (Cw2)  and fourth (Cw3) treatments  0.5%, 0.75% and 1% of cassava powder were added respectively to cheese milk before pasteurization then white cheese was made and stored at room temperature for 90days. Microbiological evaluation was done for the cheese samples at 0, 30, 60 and 90 days intervals. Statistical analysis showed that cassava powder significantly (p<0.05) affected the Total viable bacteria count, Lactobacilli, Streptococci, Yeast and Moulds and Staphylococcus aurous while there were no significance (p<0.05) effect on the Coliforms count. The results also showed that the storage period had significance effect (p<0.05) on all the characteristics mentioned above.

 

Keywords: Sudanese, White Soft Cheese, Microbiological Characteristics, Cassava Powder, Manihot esculenta.

 

How to Cite: Koc Ruben Ramzi Dhuol and Omer Ibrahim Ahmed Hamid. MICROBIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SUDANESE WHITE SOFT CHEESE MADE WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF CASSAVA POWDER (MANIHOT ESCULENTA). Adv. Res. Agri. Vet. Sci. 2014; 1(1): 18-23.

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5. HETEROGENEITY IN MORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS STUDIES OF ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES IN RELATION TO ITS EFFECTSIN INFECTED PRIMARY
SCHOOL CHILDREN IN  THREE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF OGUN STATE, SOUTH-WESTERN NIGERIA

    Agbeyangi OA, Sam-Wobo SO, Mafiana CF, Ajayi JB, Agbeyangi AO

 

Abstract: Morphometric studies were carried out on Ascaris lumbricoides recovered after Antihelminthic Levamex (400 mg Levamisole) treatment of 960 school children in Ewekoro, Ado-odo-Ota and Ogun- Waterside Local Government of Ogun State, Nigeria. 986 worms were expelled, of which 613 (62.17%) were female worms and 373 (37.83%) were male worms. An overall average maximum length of 39.70 cm and weight of about 10.37 g and an average minimum length of 8.50 cm and weight of about 0.16 g were obtained. Total mean length and weight were obtained as 8.8 ± 3.14 and 10.13 ± 5.52 for female worms, and 5.33 ± 2.98 and 6.38 ±4.56 for male worms, respectively in all the three local governments. Analysis of variance (P < 0.05) revealed a significant difference in the measurement by length and weight of female and male Ascaris across the three local governments. The pattern of frequency distribution of length and weight showed a high length and weight measurement class between 12.00 and 23.99 cm and 1.10 and 11.09 g, respectively. This may be responsible for physical effects, such as diarrhoea, abdominal pains, nausea and loss of appetites. However, high frequency of measurement observed across the local government areas of Ogun State may be due to health status, low level of hygiene, socio-cultural activities and occupation of people in these local government areas.

 

Keywords: Ascaris, Morphometric, Length, Weight, School Children, Nigeria.

 

How to Cite: Agbeyangi OA, Sam-Wobo SO, Mafiana CF, Ajayi JB, Agbeyangi AO. HETEROGENEITY IN MORPHOMETRIC PARAMETERS STUDIES OF ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES IN RELATION TO ITS EFFECTSIN INFECTED PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN THREE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF OGUN STATE, SOUTH-WESTERN NIGERIA. Adv. Res. Agri. Vet. Sci. 2014; 1(1): 24-30.

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6. STUDY OF BIOCHEMICAL TOXICITY OF NUVANIN CHANNAPUNCTATUS (BLOCH.)

     Kumar S and Gautam RK

 

Abstract: Nuvan (DDVP) used organophosphate used in agriculture as insecticides the concept of green revolution is mainly based on chemical fertilizers and synthetic insecticides. Organophosphate (OP) insecticides today account for approximately 80% of registered synthetic insecticides. Nuvan has been taken for the acute toxicity to a fresh water fish channa punctatus LC50 value calculated for the acute toxicity, which was 0.024 ml/L. Biochemical study of kidney Glycogen, Protein profile, Lipid profile, Glutamate pyruvate transminase (GPT), Glutamate oxaloacetate transminase (GOT), Alkaline phosphate (ALP and acid Phosphatase (ACP) after 24h, 48h, 72h and 96hour exposure to lethal   toxicity of Nuvan. The observation is very important from biochemical point of view.

 

Keywords: Nuvan, Channa punctatus, Biochemical parameters, Toxicity.

 

How to Cite: Kumar S and Gautam RK. STUDY OF BIOCHEMICAL TOXICITY OF NUVANIN CHANNAPUNCTATUS (BLOCH.). Adv. Res. Agri. Vet. Sci. 2014; 1(1): 31-34.

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7. ACUTE TOXICITY EVALUATION OF NUVAN IN LIVER OF CHANNA PUNCTATUS (BLOCH.)

    Suneel Kumar

 

Abstract: Nuvan (DDVP) used organophosphate used in agriculture as insecticides the concept of green revolution is mainly based on chemical fertilizers and synthetic insecticides. Organophosphate (OP) insecticides today account for approximately 80% of registered synthetic insecticides. Nuvan has been taken for the acute toxicity to a fresh water fish channa punctatus LC50 value calculated for the acute toxicity, which was 0.024 ml/L. Biochemical study of liver Glycogen, Protein profile, Lipid profile, Glutamate pyruvate transminase (GPT), Glutamate oxaloacetate transminase (GOT), Alkaline phosphate (ALP and acid Phosphatase (ACP) after 24h, 48h, 72h and 96hour exposure to lethal   toxicity of Nuvan. The observation is very important from biochemical point of view.

 

Keywords: Nuvan, Channa punctatus, Biochemical parameters, Liver.

 

How to Cite: Suneel Kumar. ACUTE TOXICITY EVALUATION OF NUVAN IN LIVER OF CHANNA PUNCTATUS (BLOCH.). Adv. Res. Agri. Vet. Sci. 2014; 1(1): 35-38.

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8. EFFECTS OF TEXTILE WASTE WATER CONCENTRATION ON CROPS (HORDEUM VULGARE AND CICER ARIETINUM) IN SANGANER, JAIPUR

    Rajesh Kumar Yadav, Deepmala Verma

 

Abstract: The study examined the effect of Textile waste water concentration on crops (hordeum vulgare and cicer arietinum). Textile is a most important and rapidly developing industrial sector for Rajasthan, representing over 20 percent of the investment made to the state. The Textile waste water from all these factories ultimate reach into Amanishah Nallah without any pretreatment. The sample was collected 3 locations (Madrampura, railway station, vatika road) of Amanishah Nallah during study period nov.2011 to Jan 2013. 

 

Keywords: Textile Industry, Textile Effluent, Waste Water, Crops.

 

How to Cite: Rajesh Kumar Yadav, Deepmala Verma. EFFECTS OF TEXTILE WASTE WATER CONCENTRATION ON CROPS (HORDEUM VULGARE AND CICER ARIETINUM) IN SANGANER, JAIPUR. Adv. Res. Agri. Vet. Sci. 2014; 1(1): 39-43.

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9. TOXICITY AND BIOCHEMICAL EFFECT OF ZIRAM IN WISTAR RAT

    Kumar Verma Y and Singh VK

 

Abstract: Ziram, a dithiocarbamate fungicide was used for estimation of acute toxicity (LD50) and effect of ziram on biochemical parameters protein and lipids in serum of Wistar rats. LD50 was estimated by log-dose/ probit regression method. Rats were administered dose orally equivalent to LD25 for acute (1 and 2 day) and LD5 for subchronic (15, 30 and 60 day) treatment, through gabage tube. Control was also run for each treatment simultaneously. Biochemical analysis show the increase in total protein and albumin while decrease in case of globulin. Alteration in biochemical parameter resulted imbalance between protein synthesis and utilization.

 

Keywords: Ziram, Biochemical, Acute, Subchronic, LD50, Wistar Rat.

 

How to Cite: Kumar Verma Y and Singh VK. TOXICITY AND BIOCHEMICAL EFFECT OF ZIRAM IN WISTAR RAT. Adv. Res. Agri. Vet. Sci. 2014; 1(1): 44-46.

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